Yes, you can. To see departure times for public transport stations nearby, simply tap a station marker on the map and swipe up from the bottom of the screen. You'll see the connections leaving that station in the next couple of minutes.
You can also tap See more departures if you want to know when later connections are leaving.
Search for your destination or pick it from the Recent list. Then select public transport (the train) as your travel mode to get a detailed overview, including walks to, from or between stations and stops.